7 practical techniques for photographic composition
The horizontal composition shows a wide space
The horizontal composition is one of the most commonly used forms in daily photography. Horizontal composition is widely used mainly because it conforms to people's visual habits and physiological characteristics, because people's eyes are horizontal, and many objects extend on the horizontal surface. Horizontal horizontal composition gives people a natural, comfortable, peaceful and broad visual experience. In the horizontal composition, the horizontal line is highlighted, which can make the picture produce a sense of psychological stability and show the horizontal connection between the objects being photographed. In addition, the horizontal motion trend of the subject can be highlighted by the horizontal composition.
The photographer used landscape to create a sense of stability. At the same time use the highway to the viewer's line of sight to the distant mountains, play a prominent role in the main body, enhanced the picture's sense of space.
Vertical composition highlights the depth of subject
When there are more vertical lines in the picture, it is suitable for vertical composition, which helps to enhance the depth of the scene and increase the vitality and movement of the picture. For example, when shooting scenes with vertical lines, such as buildings, trees, towers, etc., vertical composition is often adopted. In this way, it is easier to show the tall and magnificent objects being photographed.
The square composition is decorative
The equal length of square composition is a neutral composition between horizontal and vertical composition, which often gives people a balanced, stable, static, harmonious and decorative visual feeling. Square composition helps to show the stable state of the subject, and is often used to show solemn themes. In addition, if the square composition is not used properly, it is easy to make the picture appear monotonous, inflexible and lifeless.
Complete panorama composition
Panoramic composition means to achieve a very wide visual effect on the horizontal direction while maintaining a certain height of the picture. Panoramic compositions are much wider than usual horizontal compositions and are often used in landscape, environment or architectural photography to represent the overall scene. For digital SLR cameras, panoramic photos cannot be taken directly. Usually, the camera is moved horizontally with the same shooting height and the same exposure parameters, and multiple photos are taken continuously. Finally, the photos are obtained through post-processing software synthesis.
Create a sense of space with appropriate white space
Proper white space in photography means to leave a corresponding blank in order to make the whole picture more harmonious and exquisite, and to leave a space for the viewer's imagination. In fact, white space often increases attention because it makes the subject stand out and triggers emotions.
Leave a blank for portrait photography
When photographing portraits, to avoid the visual effect of the picture being too "crowded" and "cramped", the photographer should leave some space in the direction of the face line of sight, so as to inspire the viewers to think and guess, enhance the readability and uniqueness of the picture, and also make the picture more artistic. White space can not only make the picture appear clear, clear, unobstructed, visual and open, but also show the artistic conception of the picture.
Linear perspective condenses the viewer's vision
Linear perspective can guide the audience's line of sight and make the audience focus on the picture. It can also fully present the buildings in the vision on the picture, and easily show the sense of space and extension of the building, which is very suitable for showing the grand momentum of the building. Extension line also occurs when shooting upward. Since the shooting point is lower than the shooting object when shooting upward, the camera lens lifts up, and the sky in the background occupies a considerable area of the picture, which exaggerates the building and makes it magnificent.