Light technique for children's photography
Lighting is the most important element for any shot, canvas prints and children are more stringent about lighting. There are many kinds of lighting patterns -- some are easier to achieve, some are more difficult to implement, and most of them are to create different special and interesting pictures with different light sources. It is often difficult to obtain adequate illumination when photographing children under conditions that are not easily controlled by the environment.
the light ratio for children.
You will often see children photography with a ratio of 2:1 to 3.5:1.
A 2:1 ratio of light will be your lowest light ratio. canvas prints au will make the face produce the least three-dimensional sense. 2:1 ratio means that the main light and auxiliary light brightness with them (when the main light source to produce a unit of light illuminates the highlight parts of the face, auxiliary light source to produce a unit of light also falls on the Shadowed side of the face. And highlights - 1+1=2:1.
In the outdoors, if the sunlight comes from behind the main body, you can arrange the reflector or flashlight beside the camera as the auxiliary light source, so that the face can get a good performance. Backlight can distinguish the subject from the background, which is especially important for dark-haired children, because dark hair is easy to mix with dark backgrounds or bushes.
The fast electronic flash is also an excellent auxiliary light source for outdoor photography. Whether you use a regular reflector or a makeshift reflector, canvas wall art can use your eyes to observe the intensity of the reflected light in the shadow of the object. The reflective panel is particularly useful for the focal plane fast door number camera. For coagulation of children playing action, have to use a high shutter speed, and the focal plane shutter camera with such speed, flash light can't keep pace with, so need to use reflector with necessary lighting.
(1) Notice the change of light.
The natural light in the room will change significantly with the change of the position of the sun, especially the Windows facing east, south and west. Indoor brightness often varies a few times or even a dozen times a day. So, take a picture indoors, do not resemble outside, can make the weather simply to be clear, cloudy, cloudy day wait for a few files, and should according to the sunlight to enter in the situation, adjust light quantity from time to time.
(2) Pay attention to the surrounding environment.
When we use the natural light to take pictures, there are many factors affecting indoor light shade, such as height, the depth of the walls, the furniture of the bedroom color, how much the size of the window, the window Jingly width and so on, will directly affect the visibility.
(3) Adjust the contrast of light and shade.
Because the brightness of indoor natural light is much weaker than outdoor natural light, so, its reflection also is weaker. The contrast between the light and dark parts of the baby is particularly strong. If no correction is made, the contrast will affect the quality of the photo if it exceeds the width of the sensor.
(4) Pay attention to the orientation of the window.
The natural light coming in from the window is not always suitable for taking pictures, especially the direct sunlight. Because its light quality is too hard, brightness too strong, it is difficult to produce well illumes effect. Therefore, the use of natural light outside the window, it's best to choose the window toward the north, because from this direction in natural light, the sky will always be a soft reflected light, the light qualitative soft, small variations in the brightness of the light, if the spot without the Windows of the north, only the other front, then must wait in the absence of direct sunlight
(5) Pay attention to the Angle between face shape and window light.
We can think of the window as a huge lamp, and the children are exposed to different angles and the effects are different. Such as, the child to be in the midst of the window, facing the window, his forehead, nose, cheekbones and chin all under the white light irradiation, stands out look, no matter what background can foil the contour very clearly. When light comes from the side, the child's cheek lines are visible and can cast a shadow. The side light produces the biggest stereo feeling. In any case, don't let the child turn his back to the window, lest the child's face become dark because of the lack of exposure.
(6) Use auxiliary light.
When the child is in the window, the light is very strong compared with the ambient light, so it is necessary to apply the auxiliary light properly. There are various forms of auxiliary light, and the most readily available is to use reflected light from the interior walls. If the small walls of the studio are light, the ideal effect can be obtained by arranging the child to choose a proper standing position. If there are Windows on the other walls of the house, the light coming through the window can also be used as an auxiliary light. But you must use the method that draws a curtain to control its brightness; the light cannot be identical with the main light absolutely. Besides, made reflector white cardboard and so on, through adjusting the position of the reflector to act as auxiliary light, and also is a kind of effective method, but this technique if too much will lose the characteristics of natural light.
(7) Attention to bias.
Some problems that don't have to be noticed in outdoor photography can have an impact indoors. For example, near the window is the sun's red brick wall, the indoor light will be red; Outside the window is the garden and tall trees, the light will be green; The window may be blue to the sky. This bias affects the color of the subject, so be on your guard.
Finally, it is necessary to emphasize the role of the reflector. Use a reflector or other reflective material to draw light to where it is needed. The reflector can reflect light as needed, move close or move away, and adjust the Angle to get the right amount of light. It is also possible to reflect different masses of light with different quality materials. Commonly used is white board, also can use wall, white sheet, white newspaper and so on. An open book can also be a good reflector. Two mirrors can reflect very strong light, used to make eye light or illuminate dark corners; a gold object can increase the attractiveness of a child's skin tone and look radiant. Even the black cardboard can be photographed.
large soft light box.
A large light source (perhaps larger than many children) is a popular choice in children's photography.
soft light box and silver reflector.
Another popular light source in a children's certificate pose is a soft light box with a silver reflector. This light comes straight from the face - but because it is shot from a slightly sideways Angle, the light actually shows the skin. Light is softened so that the halo can be used. The silver reflector is placed between the camera and the subject, adjusting to the maximum reflected light.
It is important to add a lens hood when using this light source because the light from the soft light box is likely to enter the lens. Of course, you can let the light of the light to avoid the lens projection onto the background, but it is more difficult to use the reflector to light up the light. TIPS:
1. Shoot things that belong to children.
Tell your child that you want to photograph their dolls, stuffed toys, or building blocks, sand castles, and don't remind them that you will be taking pictures of them at the same time. If your child thinks you're photographing something they hold, even if they're taken in, the look will look natural. You can have a birthday celebration for your child's favorite doll, and then ask the kids to join in. You know, the doll has their birthday, too.
Make a flash in advance.
Some of the younger children, with their cameras pressed, often smile in surprise at the flash. If children feel surprised for the flash is observed, can the other have a lamp that manual flash, first as a flash, respond as soon as the expressions of the child, immediately with conventional lighting.
Use your child's eyes to see the world.
Lower the camera's position to the child's eye level or lower. In the eyes of children (especially toddlers), there is a world of behemoths and giants. From a lower point of view, there are images that look like children's eyes. You can also photograph a child's difficulties, such as how to deal with the terrible things around him, such as having trouble climbing a chair.